La Russie a récemment dépêché des avions de chasse en Libye pour soutenir des mercenaires au sol, combattant aux côtés du maréchal Khalifa Haftar dans le conflit qui déchire le pays, a accusé mardi l'armée américaine. AFP / le 03 octobre 2014 à 06h40 . The Chinese are involved in new railway infrastructure linking Djibouti with Addis Ababa Djibouti hosts the largest American permanent military base in Africa, Camp Lemonnier, which is … The U.S. military has long insisted that it maintains a “light footprint” in Africa, and there have been reports of proposed drawdowns in special operations forces and closures of outposts on the continent, due to a 2017 ambush in Niger and an increasing focus on rivals like China and Russia. Les Etats-Unis détiennent au total 34 sites militaires en Afrique, selon le magazine d’investigation. That’s all it takes to support the journalism you rely on. Préfecture d'Okinawa (Naval Hospital Okinawa, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler (en), Torii Station (en), il reste de très nombreuses bases et aéroports militaires américains sur l'île principale d'Okinawa, appelée Okinawa Honto). The attack on the compound “involved indirect and small arms fire. Air Forces Africa alone, the command’s air component, has recently completed or is currently working on nearly 30 construction projects across four countries in Africa. The kind of reporting we do is essential to democracy, but it is not easy, cheap, or profitable. “This location is very important to us because it helps mitigate the time and space on the continent the size of Africa,” said AFRICOM commander Waldhauser while visiting the Senegalese capital earlier this year. filme par eode-tv a bruxelles pour le multiplex avec afrique media. The Intercept is an independent nonprofit news outlet. 91, August 2019. In 2017, Amnesty International, the London-based research firm Forensic Architecture, and The Intercept exposed illegal imprisonment, torture, and killings by Cameroonian troops at Salak. All of these are located on the African continent except for an FOS on Britain’s Ascension Island in the south Atlantic. et de maintenir les pays africains dans son sphère d’influence. The Libya attacks have continued under the Trump administration, with the latest acknowledged U.S. drone strike occurring near Al Uwaynat on November 29. « La composante aérienne du commandement américain en Afrique vient de terminer ou travaille actuellement sur près de 30 projets de construction dans quatre pays africains« , soulignent les rapports consultés par The Intercept. Teil’s map shows a cluster of three unnamed and previously unreported contingency locations near the Libyan coastline. I Sued Blackwater for the Massacre of Iraqi Civilians. 1er. United States Fleet Activities Yokosuka (横須賀海軍施設, Yokosuka kaigunshisetsu) or Commander Fleet Activities Yokosuka (司令官艦隊活動横須賀, Shirei-kan kantai katsudō Yokosuka) is a United States Navy base in Yokosuka, Japan.Its mission is to maintain and operate base facilities for the logistic, recreational, administrative support and service of the U.S. AFRICOM est basé à STUTTGART et dirigé par le Général Stephen J. TOWNSEN. En Afrique du Nord, leur présence est plus discrète : trois sites non dévoilés en Libye et une base de drones en Tunisie. Leadership. All U.S. military facilities in Somalia, by virtue of being contingency locations, are unnamed on AFRICOM’s 2018 map. U.S. bases in Germany. Le site américain The Intercept révèle une présence discrète mais massive de l’armée américaine en Afrique. Jobs. A map of U.S. military bases — forward operating sites, cooperative security locations, and contingency locations — across the African continent from declassified Fiscal Year 2015 U.S. Africa Command planning documents. Get to know Ramstein Air Base: Northside Post Office (Postal Service Center) More Videos. La France devra payer pour l'aide militaire américaine en Afrique. Le Pentagone, le ministère américain de la Défense, a confirmé la construction en cours, au Niger, d'une base aérienne devant servir à déployer des drones. Previously, Kismayo has been identified as a key outpost, while the declassified 2015 AFRICOM posture plan names proposed CLs in Baidoa, Bosaaso, and the capital, Mogadishu, as well as Berbera in the self-declared state of Somaliland. The Pentagon would not say whether the tally was exhaustive, however, citing concerns about publicly providing the number of forces deployed to specific facilities or individual countries. After an initial penetration of the perimeter, Kenya Defense Forces and … Somalia’s neighbor, Kenya, boasts four U.S. bases. In May, responding to questions about measures taken after the October 2017 ambush in Niger, Waldhauser spoke of fortifying the U.S. presence on the continent. Only one base lies in the far south of the continent, a CSL in Botswana’s capital, Gaborone, that is run by the Army. La compétition stratégique en Afrique : approches militaires américaine, chinoise et russe Focus stratégique, No. A longtime hub for counterterrorism operations in Yemen and Somalia and the home of Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF–HOA), Camp Lemonnier hosts around 4,000 U.S. and allied personnel, and, according to Teil, is the “main platform” for U.S. crisis response forces in Africa. AFP / le 18 novembre 2020 à 15h50, mis à jour à 23h42 . “So we have beefed up a lot of things posture-wise with regard to these forces.” This firepower includes drones. Air Forces Africa spokesperson Auburn Davis told The Intercept that the Air Force recently completed 21 construction projects in Kenya, Tunisia, Niger and Djibouti and currently has seven others underway in Niger and Djibouti. Afin d… On Christmas, America Celebrates the Birth of Reverse Jesus. La présence militaire de la France en Afrique, imposée comme gage de sécurité et de stabilité, est observée depuis plus de 50 ans. There is local opposition in Okinawa to the construction of a new base; more than 76 per cent of the population having expressed their opposition to a relocation in Henoko. Still, there’s no denying the scope of AFRICOM’s network of outposts, nor the growth in infrastructure. Teil’s briefing confirms, for the first time, that the U.S. military currently has more sites in Niger — five, including two cooperative security locations — than any other country on the western side of the continent. A Pentagon investigation into the attack shed additional light on other key U.S. military sites in Niger including Ouallam and Arlit, where Special Operations forces (SOF) deployed in 2017, and Maradi, where SOF were sent in 2016. Somalia is the East Africa hub for contractor-provided personnel recovery and casualty evacuation services as well as the main node for the military’s own personnel recovery and casualty evacuation operations. focus geopolitique africaine (16)/ bases et missions militaires occidentales en afrique. Sa mission, coordonner toutes les activités militaires, sécuritaires … Only one base lies in the far south of the continent, a CSL in Botswana’s capital, Gaborone, that is run by the Army. The U.S. military presence in Niger gained widespread exposure last year when an October 4 ambush by ISIS in the Greater Sahara near the Mali border killed four U.S. soldiers, including Green Berets, and wounded two others. We don’t have ads, so we depend on our members — 35,000 and counting — to help us hold the powerful to account. This air war has continued in the years since. Djibouti is home to the crown jewel of U.S. bases on the continent, Camp Lemonnier, a former French Foreign Legion outpost and AFRICOM’s lone forward operating site on the continent. Not all heroes wear capes. Another unidentified contingency location in Chad could be a CL in Faya Largeau, which was mentioned in AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan. Il s’agit d’une base de drones, dont la seule construction va coûter 100 millions de dollars. While troops and outposts periodically come and go from the continent, and some locations used by commandos conducting sensitive missions are likely kept under wraps, Teil’s map represents the most current and complete accounting available and indicates the areas of the continent of greatest concern to Africa Command. Les militaires américains en Afrique. These include cooperative security locations at Mombasa as well as Manda Bay, where a 2013 Pentagon study of secret drone operations in Somalia and Yemen noted that two manned fixed-wing aircraft were then based. Press freedom advocates must be careful not to indulge Trump’s conspiracy theories while they lobby for whistleblower pardons. Hours after Moore made those comments, the Pentagon announced that six firms had been named under a potential five-year, $240 million contract for design and construction services for naval facilities in Africa, beginning with the expansion of the tarmac at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti. Le Commandement des Opérations Spéciales pour l’Afrique est un démembrement du Commandement Américain pour l’Afrique (AFRICOM). Das könnte sie auch Interessieren . Exercise Rapid Falcon. “The U.S. footprint on the African continent has grown markedly over the last decade to promote U.S. security interests on the continent,” Navy Cmdr. To its north, CSL Entebbe in Uganda has long been an important air base for American forces in Africa, serving as a hub for surveillance aircraft. License Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed) Show more Show less. Non-US Stellenausschreibungen. Al-Shabab, based in neighboring Somalia, claimed responsibility for the assault. Cette «spécificité française» est l’un des aspects de la politique mise en place lors de l’indépendance de l’Afrique en 1960. (Français) L’Italie en lutte contre une base militaire américaine sur son territoire ... Elsa Pécot. USA Jobs. In neighboring Mali, there are two contingency locations. Documents obtained from AFRICOM by The Intercept, via the Freedom of Information Act, however, offer a unique window onto the sprawling network of U.S. military outposts in Africa, including previously undisclosed or unconfirmed sites in hotspots like Libya, Niger, and Somalia. For instance, this is how Waldhauser described a low-profile drone outpost in Tunisia last year: “And it’s not our base, it’s the Tunisians’ base.” On a visit to a U.S. facility in Senegal this summer, the AFRICOM chief took pains to emphasize that the U.S. had no intension of establishing a permanent base there. 0:35. During a four-month span in 2016, for example, there were around 300 such attacks, according to U.S. officials. The Pentagon has also told The Intercept that troop reductions in Africa will be modest and phased-in over several years and that no outposts are expected to close as a result of the personnel cuts. NAF Jobs . Who would hold party elites accountable to the values they proclaim to have? Il coordonne toutes les activités militaires et … Aline Lebœuf, « La compétition stratégique en Afrique. One is an outpost in the north of the country, known as CL Garoua, which is used to fly drone missions and also as a base for the Army’s Task Force Darby, which supports Cameroonian forces fighting the terrorist group Boko Haram. Contracting documents from 2017 also noted the need for 4,400 gallons per month of gasoline, 1,100 gallons per month of diesel fuel, and 6,000 gallons of aviation turbine fuel to be delivered, every 90 days, to a “military installation” in Dirkou. En Afrique du Nord, leur présence est plus discrète : trois sites non dévoilés en Libye … The 2018 map also notes the existence of a CSL in Chad’s capital N’Djamena, a site where the U.S. began flying drones earlier this decade; it’s also the headquarters of a Special Operations Command and Control Element, an elite battalion-level command. RDC : (Vidéo) Moïse Katumbi face à un report des élections... Classement 2017 des armées en Afrique selon Global Fire Power, RDC : L'Angola déploie son armée sur la frontière congolaise. Camp Le Monier is the location from which US forces are operating from in the Horn of Africa. Trump’s pardon of the Blackwater mercenaries who murdered 14 Iraqi civilians at Nisour Square shows the world what justice means in the United States. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan listed only an outpost at Al-Wigh, a Saharan airfield near that country’s borders with Niger, Chad, and Algeria, located far to the south of the three current CLs. RDCongo: FEC: le bras de fer Tshisekedi-Kabila continue, Centrafrique: la quatrième ville du pays reprise aux rebelles, selon l'ONU, Le franc CFA, toujours bien vivant, un an après l'annonce de sa disparition, Dans la forêt vierge gabonaise, sur la piste des virus émergents, Force navale impressionnante au large de la Somalie avant le retrait américain, Crise politique en RDC: la police à l'intérieur du Parlement après de nouvelles violences (vidéos), Crise politique en RDC: incidents dans l'enceinte du Parlement à Kinshasa (vidéos), Washington rétablit le statut commercial préférentiel de Kinshasa. Snowden and Assange Deserve Pardons. Useful Links. Six arrested in plot against US army base in New Jersey. But through it all, U.S. Africa Command has fallen short of providing concrete information about its bases on the continent, leaving in question the true scope of the American presence there. Ce continent représente ainsi le deuxième théâtre des opérations américaines après le Moyen-Orient, avec un intérêt spécifique pour les bases de drones. Niamey, the country’s capital, is the location of Air Base 101, a longtime U.S. drone outpost attached to Diori Hamani International Airport; the site of a Special Operations Advanced Operations Base; and the West Africa node for AFRICOM’s contractor-provided personnel recovery and casualty evacuation services. Get to know Ramstein Air Base: Northside Post Office (Finance-Customer Service) 2:08. In Gabon, a cooperative security location exists in Libreville. Reporting by Vice News earlier this year indicated there were actually six new U.S facilities being constructed in Somalia as well as the expansion of Baledogle, a base for which a contract for “emergency runway repairs” was recently issued. Le Pentagone a annoncé mercredi 12 février un premier ajustement de ses forces dans la région avec le … If locations on Teil’s map are accurate, one of the Somali sites is located in this latter region. China, for example, has just one base in Africa – a facility in Djibouti. Innovation from the Ground Up. In just the past five years, it has established what is perhaps the largest drone complex in the world in Djibouti — Chabelley — which is involved in wars on two continents, Yemen, and Somalia.” Moore also noted that the U.S. is building an even larger drone base in Agadez, Niger. extrait de ‘face a l’actualite’ du 6 septembre 2016 sur afrique media La présence militaire américaine en Afrique a commencé à gagner en ampleur après les attaques terroristes de septembre 2001. For example, Libya — the site of drone and commando missions, but for which President Donald Trump said he saw no U.S. military role just last year — is nonetheless home to three previously undisclosed outposts. La présence militaire américaine en Afrique est bien plus importante que ce que le Pentagone prétend, selon des documents dévoilés, le 3 décembre, par le magazine américain The Intercept. En 1939, la France compte cinq bases en Indochine (départ en 1956). Since 2002, the base has expanded from 88 acres to nearly 600 acres and spun off a satellite outpost — a cooperative security location 10 kilometers to the southwest, where drone operations in the country were relocated in 2013. Le commandement des opérations spéciales pour l’Afrique est un démembrement du commandement américain pour l’Afrique (Africom). Candice Tresch, a Pentagon spokesperson, told The Intercept. While the five bases in Niger anchor the west of the continent, the five U.S. outposts in Somalia are tops in the east. These regions, not surprisingly, have also seen numerous U.S. drone attacks and low-profile commando raids in recent years. Il coordonne toutes les activités militaires et sécuritaires … According to top secret documents obtained by The Intercept in 2015, elite troops from a unit known as Task Force 48-4 were involved in drone attacks in Somalia earlier this decade. Étudiante en administration économique et sociale à Rennes, je suis actuellement assistante de langue française dans un lycée à Palerme en Sicile. Les bases aeriennes militaires en france. De 1945 à 1972, Okinawa … AFRICOM’s strategic posture also includes two contingency locations in Cameroon. [Les Ailes Militaires Belges] La base de Florennes célèbre en 2017 ses 70 ans La seule base militaire permanente américaine sur le continent est à Djibouti. Ouallam, which was listed in contracting documents brought to light by The Intercept last year, was the site of an SOF effort to train and equip a Nigerien counterterrorism company as well as another effort to conduct operations with other local units. Chabelley Airfield has gone on to serve as an integral base for missions in Somalia and Yemen as well as the drone war against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. En Afrique de l’Ouest, les Etats-Unis comptent un site à Dakar, deux à Bamako et un escadron de coopération au Ghana. “You know, flying intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance drones out of Tunisia has been taking place for quite some time,” said Waldhauser, the AFRICOM commander, last year. la sujetion militaire du neocolonialisme. “Certainly, for people living in Somalia, Niger, and Djibouti, the notion that the U.S. is not militarizing their countries rings false,” he added. A CSL can also be found in Accra, Ghana, and another CSL is located on a small compound at Captain Andalla Cissé Air Base in Dakar, Senegal. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan also mentions contingency locations at Lakipia, the site of a Kenyan Air Force base, and another Kenyan airfield at Wajir that was upgraded and expanded by the U.S. Navy earlier in this decade. “The distribution of bases suggests that the U.S. military is organized around three counter-terrorism theaters in Africa: the Horn of Africa — Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya; Libya; and the Sahel — Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso,” says Moore, noting that the U.S. has only one base in the south of the continent and has scaled back engagement in Central Africa in recent years. En Afrique australe, leur présence se limite à un site à Gaborone au Botswana. For the last 10 years, AFRICOM has not only sought to define its presence as limited in scope, but its military outposts as small, temporary, and little more than local bases where Americans are tenants. “United States military personnel remain deployed to Djibouti, including for purposes of posturing for counterterrorism and counter-piracy operations in the vicinity of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and to provide contingency support for embassy security augmentation in East Africa,” President Donald Trump noted in June. So Do the Whistleblowers Trump Imprisoned. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan lists proposed CLs in Gao and Mali’s capital, Bamako. Jump to navigation Jump to search. D’après un rapport de Peter Teil, conseiller technique au Pentagone, la plus importante base est le Camp Lemonnier à Djibouti qui est la « plateforme principale » des opérations américaines. C’est un commandement unifié pour l'Afrique créé par le Département de la Défense des États-Unis en 2007 et opérationnel depuis 2008. Le Camp Lemonnier de Djibouti pourrait ainsi bientôt être supplanté par un important site militaire américain à Agadez, au Niger. Les talibans saluent la réduction de la présence militaire américaine. Okinawa prefecture constitutes 0.6% of Japan's land surface, yet as of 2006, 75% of all USFJ bases were located on Okinawa, and U.S. military bases occupied 18% of the main island. One U.S. serviceman and two contractors with the U.S. Department of Defense were killed in the fighting, according to a statement issued late Sunday by the U.S. Africa Command, or Africom. “Our posture network allows forward staging of forces to provide operational flexibility and timely response to crises involving U. S. personnel or interests without creating the optic that U. S. Africa Command is militarizing Africa.”. C’est un commandement unifié pour l'Afrique créé par le département de la défense des États-Unis en 2007 et opérationnel depuis 2008. General controversy. Le Camp Lemonnier, qui représente la plus grande base de drones au monde, compte plus de 4 000 hommes destinés à des opérations aussi bien en Afrique qu’au Moyen-Orient. Cette base qui sera navale sera installée à deux pas de la seule base militaire américaine officielle en Afrique. Africa Command’s posture plan is designed to secure strategic access to key locations on a continent characterized by vast distances and limited infrastructure,” Gen. Thomas Waldhauser, the AFRICOM commander, told the House Armed Services Committee earlier this year, though he didn’t provide specifics on the number of bases. (Council on Foreign Relations, 2003) • Ramstein Air Base, the biggest U.S. base in Germany, costs about $1 billion annually—an amount equal to Germany's yearly contribution toward the upkeep of U.S. bases. Il coordonne … En 1935, neuf bases aériennes sont considérées comme les principales de cette nouvelle arme : celles de Chartres, de Metz, de Nancy, de Le Bourget, de Reims, de Pau, de Tours, de Châteauroux et de Lyon. “[W]e fly there, it’s not a secret, but we are very respectful to the Tunisians’ desires in terms of, you know, how we support them and the fact that we have [a] low profile…”. Les Américains disposent par ailleurs de pas moins de cinq sites militaires en Somalie, de quatre bases au Kenya, d’un site essentiellement consacré à la surveillance à Entebbe (Ouganda), de trois sites au Cameroun, dont une base de drones à Garoua, de deux sites au Tchad et d’un escadron pour la coopération militaire au Gabon. These sites, revealed in AFRICOM maps for the first time, do not include a CIA base revealed in 2014 by The Nation. Last year, U.S. troops carried out an exercise there to test their ability to turn the Libreville CSL into a forward command post to facilitate an influx of a large number of forces. “We have been arming out of Niger, and we’ll use that as appropriate,” Waldhauser noted this summer, alluding to the presence of armed remotely piloted aircraft, or RPAs, now based there. The U.S. has already conducted 36 air strikes in Somalia this year, compared to 34 for all of 2017 and 15 in 2016, according to the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. The other CSL, in the remote smuggling hub of Agadez, is set to become the premier U.S. military outpost in West Africa. After months of reports that the Defense Department was considering a major drawdown of Special Operations forces in Africa as well as the closure of military outposts in Tunisia, Cameroon, Libya and Kenya, the Pentagon now says that less than 10 percent of 7,200 forces assigned to AFRICOM will be withdrawn over several years and no bases will close as a result. Since 2011, the U.S. has carried out approximately 550 drone strikes targeting al Qaeda and Islamic State militants in the restive North African nation.