Robert Lemieux discusses urgency of crisis on day of first kidnapping. • The Quebec government refused to accede to all FLQ demands. But it refused to free FLQ prisoners. Il est député de Chambly de 1961 à 1970 et occupe durant ses mandats, différentes fonctions ministérielles au sein des gouvernements Lesage et Bourassa. Suspected FLQ kidnappers are on their way to Cuba. In response, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoked the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act. Fact file: What is Bill 101? Read more: • Laporte was chosen because he signified the Liberal Party's right-wing ideals. Ten years later, it is revealed that the labour minister was one of many diplomats targeted for the abduction. An English Canadian caller to CBC Radio's Double Take thinks francophones are a fairly privileged bunch. The above picture of the body of Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte in the trunk of a car was one which shocked the normally-aplomb nation to its core. A francophone caller to CBC Radio's Double Take is frustrated with English Canada. “As of the death of Pierre Laporte, the sympathy was completely dropped. By this date, police have conducted 1,628 raids under the War Measures Act. everything else,” Lise and Claude Laporte wrote in the Oct. 5 article. Armed kidnappers force British Trade Commissioner James Cross into a taxi as he leaves his Montreal home for work. 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Halloween Across the Years, The Wrongful Conviction of David Milgaard, Pushing Past Borders: Canada & International Drug Trafficking, A Lost Heritage: Canada's Residential Schools, An Inuit Education: Honouring a Past, Creating a Future, Who Cares For Our Kids? He has read the accounts of Laporte’s family and long ago stopped believing in violent acts as a means to an end. But we had to face it.”, Until Laporte’s body was found, Lalonde said, Trudeau and other members of the federal government had still believed they would be able to negotiate with the FLQ, which Lalonde refers to as an “ultra-nationalist group.”, Read more: MONTREAL — At age 91, Marc Lalonde still remembers the shock he felt on Oct. 17, 1970 when Pierre Laporte’s body was discovered in the trunk of a car at an airport south of Montreal, a week after he had been kidnapped by a cell of the FLQ. Quebec’s “national question,” as he calls it, still lingers, despite two referendums in 1980 and 1995. While he’s glad the incident proved that Canadians have little tolerance for political violence, Comeau says some of the issues raised during the crisis remain unresolved. The Journal recaps the crisis and examines what it meant for Quebec nationalism. Now he feels differently. Quebec politician drops plan for tribute to late FLQ member. ”It always happens in a way you can’t imagine, and never at the time you think.”. While he doubts young Quebecers will resort to bombs and kidnappings, he says it’s impossible to say another crisis could never happen. The FLQ members responsible for the kidnapping have never discussed the details, but later admitted and accepted their responsibility for the death of Pierre Laporte. It did agree to broadcasting the FLQ Manifesto on Radio-Canada, and guaranteeing the kidnappers safe passage anywhere in the world. Pierre Laporte's body is taken from the trunk of 1968 Chevrolet on Oct. 18, 1970. He said his main role in the FLQ was providing material support and, eventually, writing press releases to be distributed to the media. He was also motivated by a sense of anger over the economic discrimination against francophone Quebecers, whom he saw as a nation needing to break free from colonial rule. The page you are looking at will not be updated. Robert Comeau, then a young university professor, says he was seduced into helping the FLQ by the romantic ideals of revolution that were prevalent in countries such as Algeria and Cuba in the 1960s. Both he and Comeau say Laporte’s death instantly ended any support for the FLQ, which disbanded almost immediately afterwards, and there have not been any political kidnappings since. • The FLQ Manifesto called for Quebec's non-democratic separation from Canada, brought about by acts of terror. They grab him while he plays football with his family, and shove him into the back seat of their car. “It was a very, very depressing time. “We fear that once again, we will ignore what Pierre Laporte was, his path as a man, his accomplishments as a journalist and politician, to present only . FLQ terrorist convicted of killing cabinet minister Pierre Laporte has died Open this photo in gallery: Former FLQ member Francis Simard gestures during a news conference in … Peter Daniel of CBC News reads a translation of a long letter from Pierre Laporte addressed to the Premier of…, Yesterday, kidnappers with machine guns pulled up to Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte's home and shoved him into the backseat…. “At the moment it happened, we were convinced we were in a bit of a war,” he said. 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A famed reporter and parliamentary correspondent for the newspaper Le Devoir from 1945 to '61, he was one of Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis' fiercest opponents, writing a book, The True Face of Duplessis. Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte has been found strangled. A brief list of terror plots involving Canada. The body of Pierre Laporte, with Premier and Mrs. Robert Bourassa kneeling before it, lies in state Monday, Oct. 20, 1970 in the Montreal courthouse, attended by … In his film, “Les Rose,” he explores his father and uncle’s upbringing in a poor suburb of Montreal, at a time when men were expected to work in “miserable” conditions in factories where they had few educational opportunities and were humiliated for speaking French. The act was put into effect following the kidnapping of British diplomat James Cross and Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte by the FLQ. On Oct. 17, 1970, a week after he was being kidnapped by the terrorist group Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) during the October Crisis, Laporte… The crisis deepened five days later when another FLQ cell kidnapped Pierre Laporte, the Quebec labour minister. (CP PHOTO/Peter Bregg) 1970. Marina Smyth explains – Oct 15, 2020, Don’t break the rules during Christmas, pleads B.C. Pierre Laporte was at home in the Montreal suburb of St. Lambert, throwing a football with his nephew on the front lawn, when a group of men drove up in a … In October 1970, two cells of the separatist Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ), a revolutionary organization promoting an independent and socialist Quebec, kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross and Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte. 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Two FLQ members — Paul Rose and Francis Simard — were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. The National traces the steps leading up to the crisis. Canada has approved 2 coronavirus vaccines. Rose’s son, Felix Rose, released a documentary about the family over the summer, born out of what he said was his attempt to reconcile how the “gentle” father he knew could have been involved in a man’s death. Read more: While he’s faced criticism for portraying his family in too positive a light, he believes that the lesson of the film is that violence is a symptom of a deeper problem, and also largely avoidable. The incident escalates what becomes known as the October Crisis. While Lalonde describes the October Crisis as a “tragedy for Quebec,” he believes some positive elements came from it. But the group also gained some popular support for its political positions calling for an independent Quebec. 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Pierre Laporte, né le 25 février 1921 à Montréal et retrouvé mort le 17 octobre 1970, est un avocat, journaliste et homme politique québécois. 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Ten years after the October Crisis a report finds the labour minister was unintentionally murdered. On October 10, Quebec Justice Minister Jérôme Choquette announced that he refused to accede to the requests of the Liberation cell. “It’s hard for a young person today to imagine there was a time when a lot of young people, a lot of publications, believed a revolution was possible in North America,” Comeau said in a phone interview. The kidnappers murdered Laporte and negotiations led to Cross's release. October 10: Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte is kidnapped by members of the FLQ's Chénier cell. The FLQ, a terrorist organization founded in the early 1960’s, was a paramilitary faction of the Quebec sovereignty movement that conducted over 160 violent attacks between 1963 and 1970. Three principal stages can be identified in the federal aggression of 1970. The FLQ's message has made its way across the country. . Elections, 1952-2005, N.B. Pierre Laporte’s funeral is held at Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica. Trudeau used Lalonde to stay on top of developments in Quebec. James Cross, now back in England, talks to the press about…. After the FLQ manifesto was broadcast in October 1970, Québecers felt uplifted. ‘A tragedy for Quebec’: Pierre Laporte’s death remembered 50 years later, Je Me Souviens is marking the 50th anniversary of the October Crisis with a virtual exhibition told from a soldier’s perspective. The Quiet Revolution turned bloody in 1963. The separatist, socialist Front de libération du Québec had begun setting off bombs in 1963, waging a campaign of terror that by 1970 had resulted in five deaths. Ten years later, this CBC Radio clip reveals that Laporte was murdered, probably accidentally strangled, a week later. Canada's Constitutional Debate: What Makes a Nation? Please read our Commenting Policy first. From 1963 to 1970, the FLQ claimed responsibility for more than 85 bombs, killing six people. Want to discuss? Comeau does not believe there is any attempt to justify the actions of the perpetrators. “The killing of a senior provincial minister was just so, so unbelievably negative for the province,” he said in a phone interview. • Laporte was murdered Oct. 17, the day after the federal government applied the War Measures Act. Canada could see ‘grotesque’ spike in coronavirus cases after holidays: expert, ‘Matter of great concern’: Scientists find microplastics in human placenta for 1st time. Soldiers carrying machine guns raid homes of suspected FLQ members. For a brief moment, the FLQ’s strategy seemed to be working. There was no more sympathy,” he said. Lalonde says the crisis convinced Trudeau of the importance of creating the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and contributed to the creation of new emergency measures legislation that was subject to it. His body was discovered in the trunk of a car tonight. “Pierre Laporte was an important figure in our history and there is no doubt that the people who kidnapped him did not know his importance,” says former felquiste Robert Comeau. “In history, we can’t predict,” he said. How The East Was Won: Nova Scotia Elections Since 1949, How the West is Won: B.C. Wife of British diplomat emotionally discusses her husband's kidnapping. Get a roundup of the most important and intriguing national stories delivered to your inbox every weekday. Two FLQ members -- Paul Rose and Francis Simard -- were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. (Note: Footage in French only.). Laporte’s death had political repercussions for Quebec, as well as tragic consequences for his family, who lost a beloved father, husband and uncle. Faced with this refusal, the Chénier cell kidnapped the Minister of “Unemployment and Assimilation of Quebecers”, Pierre Laporte. Has Confederation Been Good for Newfoundland? Manifesto read on-air in Montreal on Radio-Canada. It expressed many of their concerns. “It was the most depressing time in my 20 years in federal politics,” said Lalonde, who in 1970 was an adviser to then-prime minister Pierre Trudeau and later ran for office and served in Trudeau’s cabinet. . In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. October 16 at 4:00 a.m.: The War Measures Act goes into effect. The film focuses on the family of Paul and Jacques Rose, two members of the Front de Liberation du Quebec convicted for the kidnapping and murder of then-Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte, in 1970. Laporte's death would mark the beginning of the end of the FLQ as sympathy abruptly shifted away from the group. Two FLQ members — Paul Rose and Francis Simard — were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. 1970: FLQ kidnaps Pierre Laporte The Story In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. He’s happy that period in Quebec’s history “didn’t last long.”. “When the government doesn’t respect youth, when it takes away an outstretched hand, when it stops them from demonstrating, it creates outbursts,” he said in an interview. 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Macdonald: Architect of Modern Canada, The Long Run: The Political Rise of John Turner, Trudeaumania: A Swinger for Prime Minister, Electing Dynasties: Alberta Campaigns Since 1935, Friendly Rivalries: Manitoba Elections Since 1966. The October Crisis (French: Crise d'Octobre) occurred in October 1970 in the province of Quebec in Canada, mainly in the Montreal metropolitan area. Members of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnapped the provincial Deputy Premier Pierre Laporte and British diplomat James Cross.